Of the four canonical variates, the first canonical correlation was .531 (28.2%
over-lapping variance), the second was .312 (9.7% over-lapping variance), the third was
.219 (4.8% over-lapping variance), and the fourth was .152 (2.3% over-lapping variance).
The correlations and coefficients for these four variates are presented in Table 4-16. The
first canonical correlation represents the highest possible correlation between the linear
combination of the explanatory variables and the linear combination of the outcome
variables, and was the only statistically significant canonical variate (F(36, 447.69) =
1.80, p = .004). It produced an Eigenvalue of .393, explaining 68.4% of the variance in
the data. A graph illustrating the first canonical variate is presented in Figure 4-1. The
first canonical correlation of .531 indicates the presence of a moderately strong
relationship between the explanatory set and the outcome set of variables. Using a cutoff
correlation of .3, the couple-level variables in the explanatory set most strongly
associated with the first canonical variate were marital disaffection (.837), infants' age
(.480), the couple's average age (.471), role dissatisfaction (.411), and individual well-
being (-.378). The couple conflict type scores in the outcome set most highly correlated
with the first canonical variate were the hostile couple conflict type score (.757) and the
validating couple conflict type score (-.576).
Summary
In this chapter, the results of a survey of couples who recently transitioned to
parenthood were presented. Descriptive statistics for the study's research variables and
correlations between the variables were explained and discussed. The study's research
questions were answered by detailing the results of the data analyses. In chapter 5, the
results will be discussed along with implications for theory, counseling practice, policy,
and future research.